Formula Shortage Guide

State-by-State Guide to Formula Shortage Resources

To help parents who may be stressed finding formula for their infant, we’ve put together a state-by-state guide to help find formula during the U.S. nationwide formula crisis.  It will be updated regularly as we learn of new resources, formula information hotlines and distribution centers.  If you know of a reputable non-profit organization, milk bank, or similar resource helping to assist families during the Abbott formula shortage, please contact us with more information so we can add it to our list.  Due to supply chain issues and a recall of products by one of the nation’s largest producers of infant formula, the country is experiencing a shortage of the product. The problems began last year as the COVID-19 pandemic led to disruptions in labor, transportation and raw materials — economy-wide issues that didn’t spare the formula industry. Inventory was further squeezed by parents stockpiling during COVID-19 lockdowns. Then in February, Abbott Nutrition recalled several major brands of powdered formula and shut down its Sturgis, Michigan factory when federal officials began investigating four infants who suffered bacterial infections after consuming formula from the facility. If someone has purchased powdered baby or toddler formula with the brand names Similac, Alimentum or EleCare, the first thing they should do is check to see if their formula was affected here. Look at the bottom of the can or container and find the lot number and enter it into the website. If recalled, do not use it, and follow the manufacturer’s instructions to get a replacement. Abbott can be contacted at 1-800-986-8540.  If your cans of formula are not on any of the recall lot lists, you can still use them if not expired or damaged.

Formula Crisis Help

“Do’s & Don’ts” About the Formula Shortage

Financial Aide

DO Apply for emergency financial aide or consider social services for other family budget needs (for example getting extra diapers from a local diaper bank), so that you have the financial means to buy larger quantities of formula when supplies ARE available in your area.  

Breastmilk Banks

DO consider a local breastmilk bank to acquire or donate donor breastmilk.

Damaged Cans

DON’T use damaged or expired cans – do not buy or accept formula from anyone if the can is damaged or expired.  Infant formula sold at flea markets, internet auction sites and some e-commerce sites could be improperly stored or shipped, which can negatively affect the quality of the formula.

Facebook Groups

DO join local Facebook groups to stay informed of which local stores have formulas in stock.

Friends and Family

DO ask friends and family in other areas of the state or country to keep an eye out for baby formula in their areas, and ship formula to you if they find someone (or meet halfway in the middle, etc.)

Generic Brands 

DO consider generic or store-brand formulas if your baby doesn’t have special dietary needs (ask your pediatrician!).  Fed is fed and all formulas must meet national standards for nutritional requirements and safety protocols. 

Homemade Formula or Watered Down Formula

DON’T – Making homemade formula is a definite no-no. The American Association of Pediatrics strongly advises against making your own baby formula.  They do not meet infant nutritional needs.  The same goes for diluting baby formula with extra water to make it last longer.  Watering down formula can mess with your baby’s electrolyte balance and cause serious health issues.

Introduce Foods

DO ask your doctor if your baby is ready for foods.  Babies older than six months can start getting more nutrition from quality solid foods.

Mom & Pop Stores 

DO call/visit smaller stores.  Even if the big box retailers are generally sold out, you may be able to find formula by going in or calling your local small businesses.  Mom & pop pharmacies and local shops may have supplies still available. 

Plan With Pediatrician

DO call your pediatrician to create a short-term plan with options for your baby. 

Relactation

DO consider whether re-lactating would be feasible for your situation. If you have stopped breastfeeding within the last 3 months, you may be able to start your supply going again by very frequent nipple stimulation and skin-on-skin contact with your infant.  Getting an adequate supply can take a while and you should definitely work with a lactation consultant.  A lactation consultant can provide tips on restarting breast feeding and also advise you on how to make sure your baby is adequately fed throughout the process. 

Scams

DO visit  BBB.org  to check a business’s rating and BBB accreditation status before buying from a lesser known retailer. Impostors have been known to copy the BBB seal. If it is real, clicking on the seal will lead to the company’s BBB profile on BBB.org – check the domain of the URL.  Conduct an internet search with the company name and the word “scam.” This may locate other complaints about the site.  

Be especially cautious about email solicitations and online ads on social media sites

Shop Early  

DO visit stores first thing in the morning when they might have restocked overnight.  Shopping midweek can also sometimes work, after the weekend rush when shelves are a little better stocked.  

Talk to your local stores and find out when they expect to restock, or which day of the week their usual formula shipments come in.  

Toddler Formula

DO talk to your doctor about whether your baby is old enough to use toddler formula temporarily. If your infant is approaching one year old, your doctor might be okay with this, in a pinch. 

Whole Cow’s Milk

DO ask your pediatrician if your baby is old enough to begin the transition to whole cow’s milk.  If your baby is close to one year old, you may be able to switch them a little earlier. 

Major Chain Formula Limits

Major chains have been limiting how much formula any one customer can make.  This is to avoid hoarding and ensure other families have enough formula to feed their infants as well.

How Much Formula Can You Buy at:

Amazon

Unknown

CVS

Limit of 3 baby formula products per purchase in-person and online.

Target

Online, you are limited to 4 products per purchase. In store, there are no limits.

Walgreens

Limits of three per transaction on all infant and toddler formula to help improve inventory

Walmart

Limits of three per transaction on all infant and toddler formula

Nationwide Resources

2-1-1

Calling 2-1-1 can help you find resources in your local area.  Specific information about their programs dedicated to finding food – https://www.211.org/get-help/finding-food

All Formula Trade/Buy/Sell/Support (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/2313097368929114/

Facebook Formula Exchange! Similac, Enfamil, Alfamino, Elecare, Puramino (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/250421641775727/

Formula Manufacturer Hotlines

Abbot Laboratories: call 1-800-881-0876

MyGerber Baby Expert: call 1-800-284-9488

Reckitt’s Customer Service line: call 1-800-BABY-123 (222-9123)

Similac Formula finder https://www.similac.com/where-to-buy-similac.html#

Department of Health & Human Services

Website set up to help with formula crisis: https://www.hhs.gov/formula/

Elemental Formula Exchange & Support (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/341173132647472/

Feeding America 

Find a local food bank – https://www.feedingamerica.org/find-your-local-foodbank

Formula Exchange Group (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/1100286177415106/about

Formula Finders (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/418625759638864/

Formula Friends (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/3222482448072317/

Formula Shortage Support Group (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/403684048241245/

Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA)

24/7, confidential, toll-free National Maternal Mental Health Hotline (accessible by phone or text at 1-833-943-5746 in English and Spanish) providing support before, during and after pregnancy.

For additional information, visit: https://mchb.hrsa.gov/national-maternal-mental-health-hotline. Or call: 1-833-9-HELP4MOMS (1-833-943-5746). TTY users can use a preferred relay service or dial 711 and then 1-833-943-5746.

Human Milk Banking, Association of North America

Links to human milk banking centers in your area.  Doctor prescription may be required. Human Milk Banking, Association of North America 

Hypoallergenic Formula BST (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/511461723183860/

MSPI Formula Exchange/Buy/Sell (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/1498044826892985/

National Diaper Bank Network

https://nationaldiaperbanknetwork.org/member-directory/

 

Formula Resources by State

Alabama Dept. of Public Health

https://www.alabamapublichealth.gov/wic/

Catholic Social Services 

“They have a very limited supply of formula available.” You can call them at 251-343-4636.

Mothers’ Bank of Alabama

Email [email protected] or go to mmbal.org for more information. If you want to check and see if there is any extra you can email [email protected].

AZ Moms of formula shortage (Facebook group)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/302352711983243

W.I.C.

WIC Shopper Helpline: 866-927-8390 Monday through Friday from 7 a.m. to 7 p.m. and Saturday from 8 a.m. to 1 p.m.  Email [email protected]. Staff is available to help connect families with alternative infant formulas.

 

Alabama

Alabama Dept. of Public Health

https://www.alabamapublichealth.gov/wic/

Catholic Social Services 

“They have a very limited supply of formula available.” You can call them at 1-251-343-4636.

Mothers’ Bank of Alabama

Email [email protected] or go to mmbal.org for more information. If you want to check and see if there is any extra you can email [email protected].

Arizona

AZ Moms of formula shortage (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/302352711983243

W.I.C.

WIC Shopper Helpline: 1-866-927-8390 Monday through Friday from 7 a.m. to 7 p.m. and Saturday from 8 a.m. to 1 p.m.  Email [email protected]. Staff is available to help connect families with alternative infant formulas.

Arkansas

W.I.C. Program

Breastfeeding helpline at

1-800-445-6175.

Contact a local county health department WIC office and ask for eligibility for the program here.

California

Diaper Bank Program

Provides diapers and other items to low-income families with infants or toddlers.

Central California Food Bank 

Jacobs and Cushman San Diego Food Bank

Los Angeles Regional Food Bank

Help a Mother Out

W.I.C.

https://myfamily.wic.ca.gov/WAFL/Home/InfantFormula

Colorado

Moms Helping Moms (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/533861173723181

Mother’s Milk Bank

https://rmchildren.org/mothers-milk-bank/

Weecycle

Helps families in need, including drive-thru assistance events.

https://www.weecycle.org/

W.I.C.

https://www.coloradowic.gov/

Connecticut

Department of Public Health

Up-to-date press bulletins on procuring formula in CT:

https://portal.ct.gov/DPH/WIC/Formula-Resources

Find My Formula CT (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/225023569839489

W.I.C. 

Find a WIC center in your area of Connecticut – https://portal.ct.gov/DPH/WIC/WIC.

W.I.C. put out a formula substitution guide that can be used temporarily during the formula shortage.

Delaware

Delaware Formula Support Group (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/297984609188304

W.I.C.

Program homepage – https://dhss.delaware.gov/dph/chca/dphwichominf01.html

Florida

Basics for Babies 

Emergency pantry for infant needs – https://www.hmhbpbc.org/pantry

South Formula Baby Formula Info Group (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/southfloridababyformulainfogroup/

W.I.C. 

https://www.floridahealth.gov/programs-and-services/wic/index.html

Georgia

Breastfeed Atlanta

Breast milk bank – https://breastfeedatlantallc.com/

Formula Swap – Jacksonville & surrounding areas (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/1601891690211372

Helping Mamas

Baby supply bank of Georgia – https://helpingmamas.org/

W.I.C. 

https://dph.georgia.gov/WIC

Hawaii

W.I.C.

https://health.hawaii.gov/wic/   Info on their formula substitution info can be found here

Idaho

Department of Health and Welfare’s Women, Infants, Children (WIC)

https://healthandwelfare.idaho.gov/services-programs/food-assistance/about-wic

Mountain West Mothers’ Milk Bank

https://www.giveyourmilk.org/ or call 1-801-415-9393.

Illinois

Cured Foundation

Help finding specialized formula for infants with special diet needs – https://curedfoundation.org/

Department Women Infant and Children (WIC)

https://www.dhs.state.il.us/page.aspx?item=30513

Food Banks in Illinois

Find a local food bank or food resource – https://www.dhs.state.il.us/page.aspx?item=31245

Mother’s Milk of the Western Great Lakes

Find or donate breastmilk – https://www.milkbankwgl.org/

Indiana

D.I.A.P.E.R. Project 

Diaper bank that also is up-to-date on resources for finding formula – https://www.indianadiaperbank.org/

Formula Finder Kentucky/Indiana (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/529215225583155/

Formula Finder Tennessee & Kentucky (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/546646176979331/

The Milk Bank

Based in Indiana, serving families in Indiana, Kentucky and Missouri – https://www.themilkbank.org/

Women, Infant and Children’s Program (WIC)

https://www.in.gov/health/wic/

Kentucky

ACTS Ministry

https://heartlandpaducah.com/

“Anyone in need can call 1-270-534-1400. They are open from 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through Thursday and 8:30 a.m. to 2 p.m. on Friday.”

Baby Formula Locator – BGKY (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/1169780450434635/

Central KY Formula Finder (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/672314464063806/

EKY Formula Watch (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/352101666901524

Formula Finder Kentucky/Indiana (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/529215225583155/

Fredonia First Baptist Church

https://www.fredoniafbc.net/

God’s Pantry Food Bank

https://godspantry.org/

Kentucky Special Supplemental Program for Women & Children’s Nutrition (WIC)

https://www.benefits.gov/benefit/2066

NKY Formula Group (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/885333675664158/

The Milk Bank

Based in Indiana, serving families in Indiana, Kentucky and Missouri – https://www.themilkbank.org/

The Nest

Toiletries and other vital supplies for children and families – https://www.thenestlexington.org/

Louisiana

Baby Formula Louisiana (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/680614523029854/

The Resistance – Baton Rouge

“We have formula and diapers for young mothers at no charge. So, they can come in from 8 to 1:30 Monday through Friday,’ said Radell Norman the executive director and owner of The Resistance. If you or someone you know needs formula, you can go to 11353 Greenwell Springs Rd Suite, A5 for assistance.” (Source: BR Proud

WIC Louisiana

https://louisianawic.org/ or call 1-800-251-BABY (2229).

Maine

Maine Baby Formula Shortage Help (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/5460674767285807/

Seacoast Maine/NH Formula Group (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/422702259223396/

WIC Nutrition Program

https://www.maine.gov/dhhs/mecdc/population-health/wic/

Massachusetts

Find Your Formula (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/3072617946401104/

Keeping Pace with Multiple Miracles

https://keepingpace.org/

Mothers’ Milk Bank Northeast

https://milkbankne.org/

Michigan

Bronson Health

https://www.bronsonhealth.com/locations/bronson-mothers-milk-bank/

Formula Locations for West Michigan/SW Michigan/Lansing Areas (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/538314184358778/

Project Hope

https://ccsem.org/project-hope/

Women, Infants and Children Program (WIC)

https://www.michigan.gov/mdhhs/assistance-programs/wic

YourGoodVillage Collective

https://www.yourgoodvillagecollective.org/

Minnesota

Feeding Every Baby

https://www.facebook.com/FeedingEveryBaby/

Formula Finder Minnesota (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/formulafindermn/

Mankato Area Moms (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/951678798272339/

Minnesota Baby Formula Free & Trade (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/1328776347135592/

Minnesota Milk Bank for Babies

https://www.mnmilkbank.org/

Women, Infants & Children (WIC)

https://www.health.state.mn.us/people/wic/ and WIC-Approved Substitution LIst

Mississippi

WIC Nutritional Program

https://msdh.ms.gov/msdhsite/_static/41,0,128.html

Missouri

Nurses for Newborns 

https://www.nursesfornewborns.org/

Show Me Formula: Mid-Missouri (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/386992326680761/

St. Louis Crisis Nursery

https://www.crisisnurserykids.org/

The Milk Bank

Based in Indiana, serving families in Indiana, Kentucky and Missouri – https://www.themilkbank.org/

Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)

https://health.mo.gov/living/families/wic/

Montana

Carenet Missoula

https://www.carenetmissoula.org/

Nebraska

Need to add resources.

Nevada

Need to add resources.

New Hampshire

Catholic Charities NH – Our Place

https://www.cc-nh.org/programs/our-place/

Seacoast Maine/NH Formula Group (Facebook):

https://www.facebook.com/groups/422702259223396/

Special Supplemental Nutrition Program (WIC)

https://www.benefits.gov/benefit/2079

New Jersey

NJ Formula Buy-Sell-Trade-Give-Away (Facebook)​​

https://www.facebook.com/groups/579625159276679/

NJ State Guide to Baby Formula Shortage & Resources

https://nj.gov/babyformula/

NJ WIC Services

https://www.state.nj.us/health/fhs/wic/

South Jersey Formula Spottings (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/590267702110293/

New Mexico

Child and Adult Food Program

https://helpnm.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/08/helpnmcacftrifoldbrochure2019.pdf

Department of Health Women, Infants and Children (WIC)

https://www.nmhealth.org/about/phd/fhb/wic/

Early Childhood Education & Care Department

https://www.nmececd.org/ and Home Visiting Program

Find My Formula (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/290170519989173/

New York

Mother’s Milk Bank Northeast

​​https://milkbankne.org/

New York Milk Bank

https://www.nymilkbank.org

Women, Infants, Children program (WIC)

https://www.health.ny.gov/prevention/nutrition/wic/

North Carolina

Diaper Bank of North Carolina

https://ncdiaperbank.org/about-us

Formula Finders (NC) (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/381184130578787/

Food Bank of Central and Eastern North Carolina

https://foodbankcenc.org/

WIC

https://www.nutritionnc.com/wic/

Oklahoma

Formula in OKC & Surrounding Areas (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/1127372711171180/

Infant Crisis Services

https://www.infantcrisis.org/

OKcity Crisis Services

https://www.crisisnurseryokc.com/

Pregnancy Resource Center of Owasso

https://prcowasso.org/

Women, Infant & Childs Program (WIC)

https://oklahoma.gov/health/family-health/wic.html

Oregon

Find My Formula WA/OR (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/523442362491706/

Formula Finders DC Oregon – Roseburg Eugene Medford

https://www.facebook.com/groups/formulafindersdc/

Giving Plate

https://www.thegivingplate.org/

Grandma’s House of Central Oregon

https://www.grandmashouseofco.org/

Mother + Child Education Center

https://momchildpdx.org/

Northwest Mothers Milk Bank

https://www.donatemilk.org/

WIC Program

https://www.oregon.gov/oha/ph/healthypeoplefamilies/wic/pages/index.aspx

Pennsylvania

Central PA Baby Formula, Baby Food and Diapers For Sale (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/1629955063953442/

Formula for Sale or Trades (Mt. Pleasant, PA) (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/220385618130401/

Franklin County, PA Formula Finders (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/1003844380521938/

PA Formula Shortage (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/404489511537288/

WIC

https://www.pawic.com/

Rhode Island

Need to add resources.

South Carolina

Need to add resources. 

South Dakota

Formula Watch – Southeastern South Dakota (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/494455822413471/

WIC

https://sdwic.org/

Tennessee

East Nashville Cooperative Ministry

https://www.encm.org/

Formula Finder Tennessee & Kentucky (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/546646176979331/

Helping Mamas Knoxville

https://helpingmamas.org/about/

Moms in TN Looking for Formula (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/414777706710972

Mothers Milk Bank of Tennessee

https://www.milkbanktn.org/

Tn Formula & Baby Food Find (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/683670436177089/

Women, Infants and Children Program (WIC)

https://www.tn.gov/health/health-program-areas/fhw/wic.html

Texas

Central Texas Formula Search (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/5493692957309705

Family Connects Texas

https://www.familyconnectstexas.org/the-model

HKA & Surrounding Areas: Buy, Sell and Trade Formula (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/601717150910810/

WIC

https://texaswic.org/

Utah

Baby Food, Formula and Diapers, Utah (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/1375181382810210/

Crossroads Urban Center

https://www.crossroadsurbancenter.org/

Mountain West Mothers’ Milk Bank

https://www.giveyourmilk.org/

Southern Utah Formula Buy/Sell/Trade/Coupons (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/722533084511918/

University of Utah Mothers Milk Bank

https://healthcare.utah.edu/womenshealth/pregnancy-birth/mothers-milk-donation-center.php

Women, Infants and Children (WIC)

https://wic.utah.gov/

Vermont

Vermont Donor Milk Center

https://vtdonormilk.com/

Women, Infants and Children (WIC)

https://www.healthvermont.gov/family/wic

Washington

Find My Formula (Greater Seattle area) (Facebook)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/3169209433399686/

Northwest Mothers Milk Bank

https://www.donatemilk.org/

WIC Nutrition Program

https://doh.wa.gov/you-and-your-family/wic

Wisconsin

Mothers Milk Bank of the Western Great Lakes

https://www.milkbankwgl.org/

Parent Connection

https://www.familyservicesnew.org/parent-connection/

Pregnancy Helpline

https://www.pregnancyhelpline.net/

Women, Infants and Children (WIC)

https://www.dhs.wisconsin.gov/wic/index.htm

Wyoming

Women, Infants and Children (WIC)

https://health.wyo.gov/publichealth/wic/

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